AMD Ryzen processor – everything you need to know

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In this article, you will familiarize yourself with a complete guide on AMD Ryzen processors. From the history of the brand, through technology and innovations, to practical applications and buying tips. Learn how Ryzen processors compare to the competition and how to use them in practice.

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Processors are the heart of every computer, whether it’s a powerful gaming PC, a professional workstation, or a portable laptop. They play a key role in processing data, enabling the operation of all our favorite applications, from simple office programs to advanced computer games. In recent years, we have witnessed a dynamic development of technology, and one of the main players contributing to this revolution is AMD with its Ryzen processor line.

Although AMD has been on the market for a long time, it was the Ryzen series that brought the company real recognition among technology enthusiasts and professionals. But why did this happen? What makes Ryzen processors so popular in such a short time?

Initially, AMD was perceived as the “little brother” in the world of processors, dominated by the giant Intel. However, the company persisted in efforts to deliver competitive products that were not only affordable but also offered high performance. Over the years, AMD introduced various processor lines, but none gained as much recognition as Ryzen.

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Ryzen is not just another processor on the market. It’s a combination of modern architecture, innovative technologies, and a response to the needs of contemporary users. Modern computers must meet many challenges, from handling complex graphic tasks to multitasking in everyday tasks. Ryzen was designed with these challenges in mind, offering users excellent performance in various scenarios.

However, performance alone is not everything. Modern users expect not only a fast but also a stable and energy-efficient processor. And here Ryzen also meets expectations. Thanks to advanced technologies, such as Precision Boost and XFR, these processors can adapt to the current needs of the user, offering optimal performance while maintaining low energy consumption.

One should also not forget the cost aspect. In the past, choosing a processor often boiled down to a compromise between price and performance. Ryzen changed these rules of the game, offering users high-performance products at an attractive price. As a result, many people who previously could not afford to buy a top processor now have access to technology that allows them to enjoy a modern computer without having to strain their wallet.

History of AMD Processors

When we talk about AMD, we speak of a company with nearly half a century of experience in the technology industry. Founded in 1969 by Jerry Sanders, Advanced Micro Devices, or AMD, began its activity as a competitor to giants such as Intel and Texas Instruments.

AMD’s beginnings were humble, but the company quickly gained a reputation as a supplier of reliable and efficient integrated circuits. In the 1970s, AMD began its adventure with processor production, signing an agreement with Intel that allowed the company to produce a clone of the then-popular Intel 8080 processor. This was the first step towards creating its own line of processors.

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The 1980s were a time when AMD began to develop its own independent processor projects. One of the most important achievements of this period was the launch of the AMD Am286 processor, which was compatible with Intel 80286. Although it was a clone, AMD introduced many of its innovations, making it more efficient and competitive in the market.

The subsequent decades brought many innovations and technological advances. In the 1990s, AMD introduced the K series of processors, including the famous K6, which was a direct competitor to Intel Pentium. Thanks to excellent performance and competitive pricing, the K6 quickly won the hearts of many technology enthusiasts.

However, the real breakthrough for AMD was the introduction of the Athlon processor in 1999. It was the company’s first processor to break the 1 GHz barrier. As a result, AMD permanently entered the history of computer technology, becoming a serious competitor to Intel.

In the first decade of the 21st century, AMD continued to innovate, introducing the world’s first dual-core processor – Athlon 64 X2. The company also continued work on 64-bit technology, introducing Opteron processors designed for servers and workstations.

However, not everything was smooth for AMD. Despite many successes, the company struggled with financial problems and technological challenges. In 2006, in response to growing competition, AMD acquired ATI, a graphics card manufacturer, which allowed for an expansion of product offerings and entry into the world of graphics technology.

The last decade has brought many changes to the processor market. On the one hand, there was growing competition and a need for innovation; on the other hand, customers were becoming increasingly demanding. In response to these challenges, AMD introduced the Ryzen series of processors in 2017. Based on the modern Zen architecture, Ryzen became a true phenomenon, offering unparalleled performance relative to price.

The history of AMD is a story of continuous striving for perfection, innovation, and pushing the boundaries of technology. From humble beginnings to triumphs on the international stage, the company continually aims to deliver the best products for its customers. Today, thanks to the Ryzen series, AMD is on the lips of all technology enthusiasts.

What is AMD Ryzen?

AMD Ryzen is a name that has become synonymous with innovation, performance, and competitiveness in the computer processor market in recent years. But to understand exactly what Ryzen is and what place it occupies in AMD’s offering, it is worth taking a closer look at the technology behind this product.

Ryzen was introduced to the market in 2017 as AMD’s response to the market’s growing demand for more efficient, energy-saving, and affordable processors. Based on an entirely new architecture called Zen, Ryzen aimed not only to compete with products from the competition but also to redefine performance standards in the computer processor segment.

The Zen architecture, which Ryzen is based on, was the result of many years of research and development conducted by AMD engineers. Its main goal was to increase instruction per cycle (IPC) performance and improve energy efficiency compared to previous generations of the company’s processors. Zen also introduced many innovations, such as a modular structure, improved memory controller, and optimizations for multithreading.

The name “Ryzen” comes from the word “Rise,” which means “growth” in English. It is a symbolic reference to the company’s aspiration to reach new heights in performance and technological innovation. Indeed, Ryzen quickly gained recognition among both critics and users thanks to its impressive performance.

One of the key elements that distinguish Ryzen from the competition is its ability to efficiently scale performance. Thanks to its modular structure, Ryzen processors are available in various configurations, from budget models with a few cores to advanced versions for enthusiasts with many cores and threads. This flexibility allows the processor to be tailored to the specific needs of the user, whether it’s office work, gaming, or professional applications such as video editing or 3D design.

Another important aspect of Ryzen is its compatibility with modern technologies and standards. These processors support the latest versions of DDR4 RAM memory, offer support for PCI Express 4.0 technology, and are compatible with a wide range of motherboards based on AMD chipsets.

However, Ryzen would not have been such a success without an excellent performance-to-price ratio. AMD has always strived to offer high-performance products at an affordable price, and Ryzen is a perfect example of this. As a result, many people who previously did not have access to advanced technologies can now enjoy high performance at a reasonable price.

A mention of Ryzen would not be complete without referring to its role in the world of computer games. Thanks to high multi-threading performance and support for the latest graphic technologies, Ryzen has become a favorite of many gamers around the world. Whether it’s about playing the latest titles at the highest settings or creating your own games, Ryzen offers the tools to meet even the most demanding users’ expectations.

In short, AMD Ryzen is not just another processor on the market. In just a few short years, Ryzen has transformed from a newcomer on the market into one of the most recognizable and valued brands in the computer technology world.

Types of Ryzen Processors

When we talk about AMD Ryzen processors, we are not talking about just one model or one product line. The Ryzen family is diverse and targeted at different market segments, from home use to professional workstations. To understand the full range of what AMD has to offer with Ryzen, let’s take a closer look at the different types of Ryzen processors available on the market.
Ryzen 3

Starting from the basics, we have Ryzen 3 – these are processors designed for those looking for performance at an affordable price. Although these are the cheapest models in AMD’s offer, they should not be underestimated. Thanks to the Zen architecture, even these “budget” units offer excellent performance in everyday tasks such as browsing the internet, office work, or basic computer games. They usually have four cores, making them ideal for most home applications.

Ryzen 5

Next, we move on to Ryzen 5. These processors are a step higher in the hierarchy and offer more cores and threads compared to Ryzen 3. They are an excellent choice for technology enthusiasts, gamers, and those who need a bit more power for more demanding applications. With Ryzen 5, we can expect smooth gameplay in most modern titles and efficient multitasking.

Ryzen 7

Ryzen 7 is a true beast among consumer processors. With more cores and threads, they are designed for tasks requiring high computational power, such as video editing, graphic design, or complex calculations. If you are a professional or enthusiast looking for performance at the highest level, Ryzen 7 is for you.

Ryzen 9

At the top of the consumer line is Ryzen 9. This is the absolute elite among Ryzen processors, offering the largest number of cores, the highest performance, and unmatched multitasking capabilities. For those who do not accept compromises and need the most power for the most demanding applications, Ryzen 9 is the obvious choice.

Ryzen Threadripper

However, we cannot forget about Ryzen Threadripper. This is a special line of AMD processors designed for the most demanding professionals and enthusiasts. Offering a huge number of cores and threads, they are ideal for applications such as 3D rendering, data analysis, or scientific work requiring high computational power. Threadripper is not just processors; they are true computational monsters.

Ryzen Pro and Ryzen Mobile

Ryzen Pro processors are designed for business, offering advanced security features and reliability needed in a corporate environment. On the other hand, Ryzen Mobile is a line of processors for laptops, combining the performance characteristic of Ryzen with the energy efficiency necessary in portable devices.

Each of these processors has been designed with a specific market segment and specific user needs in mind. Whether you are an average computer user, a passionate gamer, a professional, or a technology enthusiast, AMD has a Ryzen that will meet your expectations.

Different Designations of Ryzen Processors

In the world of AMD Ryzen processors, it’s not enough to just know their name. The designations also play a key role, providing specific information about the characteristics of a particular unit. Thanks to them, we can know exactly what type of applications a given processor is intended for, what capabilities it has, and what features distinguish it. Here is a guide to the different designations of Ryzen processors.

Letter “X” – Higher Multiplier Coefficient

Processors with the letter “X” at the end, such as the Ryzen 7 3800X, indicate that they have a higher multiplier coefficient, which is particularly beneficial for overclocking enthusiasts. This allows users to overclock these processors to higher clock speeds, resulting in better performance.

Letter “G” – Integrated Graphics

Units with the letter “G” in the name, such as the Ryzen 5 3400G, come with integrated graphics. This means that they do not require an additional graphics card to display an image. They are excellent solutions for compact computers or setups for everyday tasks.

Letter “U” – Mobile Processors

Processors with the letter “U”, like the Ryzen 7 4800U, are designed for laptops and mobile devices. They are characterized by a lower TDP (Thermal Design Power), which means they generate less heat and are more energy-efficient.

Letter “H” – High Performance in Laptops

Designations with the letter “H”, like the Ryzen 9 4900H, indicate processors intended for gaming laptops or workstations. They offer higher performance compared to the “U” versions, but in return have higher TDP.

Letter “T” – Optimized for Energy Efficiency

Units with the letter “T” in the name focus on energy efficiency while still offering good performance. They are ideal for all-in-one computers.

Letter “S” – Standard Performance

The “S” designation is relatively rare, but if you come across it, it indicates the standard version of the processor, without any special distinguishing features.

Ryzen Pro

The “Pro” designation in the name, as in Ryzen 7 Pro 4750U, indicates processors aimed at the business sector. They offer additional features related to security and management.

Ryzen Threadripper – Core Count Indicator

In the case of Ryzen Threadripper processors, numbers in the name, such as 3960X, 3970X, or 3990X, indicate the number of cores. The higher the number, the more cores the unit has.

The variety of designations in Ryzen processors can initially be overwhelming, but once you understand what each of them means, it becomes clear which type of applications a given processor is best suited for. This makes choosing the right processor much simpler and more informed, allowing the user to enjoy optimal performance depending on their needs.

Technology and Innovation

Ryzen processors from AMD have brought many revolutionary solutions that have distinguished them from the competition and redefined new standards in the field of computers.
Zen Architecture

The foundation of the success of Ryzen processors is their Zen architecture. This innovative approach to processor design allowed AMD to achieve significantly higher performance compared to previous generations. The Zen architecture focuses on increasing the number of instructions per cycle (IPC), which translates into better performance in various tasks.

7nm Technology

One of the key advantages of Ryzen processors is the 7nm manufacturing technology, which has allowed for increased transistor density and reduced energy consumption. As a result, these processors offer excellent performance while maintaining low heat and power consumption.

Infinity Fabric

This innovative solution allows for efficient communication between the processor cores and other system components. Thanks to Infinity Fabric, Ryzen processors can efficiently manage tasks, allocating them to the appropriate cores and optimizing performance depending on the load.

SMT (Simultaneous Multi-Threading)

SMT technology allows for the simultaneous processing of two threads on one core. This means that a processor with 8 cores and SMT technology can handle 16 threads simultaneously. In practice, this translates into better performance in multi-threaded tasks such as rendering or simulations.

Smart Access Memory (SAM)

This is a technology that allows the graphics card to access computer RAM faster. In practice, this means improved performance in games and graphic applications. SAM works best in conjunction with the latest graphics cards from AMD.

Precision Boost and XFR (Extended Frequency Range)

Thanks to Precision Boost technology, Ryzen processors can dynamically adjust their clock speed depending on the load and thermal conditions. Meanwhile, XFR allows for automatic overclocking of the processor beyond its base clock speed, if cooling conditions permit.

Cooperation with RAM

Ryzen processors are known for their excellent cooperation with fast RAM. Optimization towards higher memory frequencies translates into better performance in many tasks, especially in games.

StoreMI Technology

StoreMI is a solution from AMD that allows combining a traditional hard drive with an SSD, creating a high-performance hybrid drive. This allows users to enjoy the speed of an SSD while retaining the large capacity of a hard drive.

Comparison with the Competition

The market for many years was dominated by two giants: AMD and Intel. Although both companies have their unique features and advantages, the competition between them is undoubtedly one of the most interesting aspects of the technology industry. Therefore, it is worth looking at how AMD’s Ryzen processors compare to the competition’s offerings.


One of the main aspects customers pay attention to when choosing a processor is its performance. In recent years, Ryzen processors have gained popularity thanks to their impressive computational power, especially in multi-threaded tasks such as rendering or video editing. Thanks to SMT (Simultaneous Multi-Threading) technology and Zen architecture, Ryzen often surpasses competing Intel models in many benchmarks.


AMD has long been known as a company offering good quality-to-price ratios, and the Ryzen line has only confirmed this. Compared to Intel counterparts, Ryzen processors often offer better or comparable performance at a lower price, making them an attractive choice for many users, especially those on a budget.

Technology and Innovation

Although Intel has been a leader in technological innovations for years, AMD with its Ryzen line has certainly caught up. The introduction of 7nm technology, Infinity Fabric, and Smart Access Memory are just some of the innovations that distinguish Ryzen from the competition.

Energy Consumption and Cooling

Ryzen processors, thanks to their 7nm manufacturing technology, are more energy-efficient than many competing models. This means they generate less heat and often require a less advanced cooling system. While Intel has also introduced technologies to reduce energy consumption, AMD often has the edge here, especially in the high-performance processor segment.

Memory Support and Compatibility

AMD is known for excellent support for fast RAM, which can bring significant benefits in some applications and games. Additionally, the company often offers better backward compatibility than Intel, allowing users to upgrade their processor without needing to change the motherboard.


While both companies offer processors designed for overclocking, AMD often gives users more freedom in this area. Many Ryzen models are factory unlocked, allowing for easy overclocking and customization to individual needs.

Practical Applications

AMD’s Ryzen processors are not just another set of chips on the computer market. Their innovative architecture and advanced technologies make them incredibly versatile, adapting to various practical applications. From everyday tasks to professional applications and demanding computer games – here are some practical applications of Ryzen processors.

Everyday Tasks and Multimedia

For many users, a computer is a tool for daily work and entertainment. Browsing the internet, watching movies, listening to music, or office work do not require immense computational power. However, even the lower-priced Ryzen processors offer smoothness and responsiveness in these basic tasks. Thanks to SMT (Simultaneous Multi-Threading) technology, even opening many tabs in the browser or using several applications simultaneously is quick and hassle-free.

Professional Graphics and Video Editing

For professionals involved in computer graphics, animation, or video editing, processor performance is key to efficient work. In this regard, Ryzen processors from the Ryzen 7 and Ryzen 9 series are an ideal choice. Multi-core systems with a large number of threads handle rendering, 3D modeling, or film editing exceptionally well. The earlier mentioned technologies, such as Infinity Fabric, allow for better communication between cores, speeding up many professional tasks.

Computer Games

The computer gaming market is constantly evolving, and new titles often set high hardware requirements. Ryzen processors, especially those from the Ryzen 5 series and higher, provide excellent performance in the latest games. Thanks to Precision Boost technology, the processor adjusts its speed according to needs, allowing for smooth gameplay even in the most demanding scenarios.

Workstations and Scientific Computing

For those who need immense computational power for tasks such as data analysis, scientific computations, or simulations, AMD offers the Ryzen Threadripper series. These processors have up to 64 cores and 128 threads, making them ideal for high-level multi-threaded tasks. Research, genetic analysis, or weather forecasting require substantial computational power, and Ryzen Threadripper is capable of meeting these challenges.

Servers and Data Centers

In today’s world, data is a key resource for many companies and organizations. Ryzen processors, including the Epyc series, are an excellent choice for servers and data centers. They offer a large number of cores, support for large amounts of RAM, and advanced security technologies. As a result, servers based on AMD processors are not only efficient but also reliable and secure.

In practice, AMD’s Ryzen processors demonstrate their versatility and ability to adapt to different applications. Whether you are an everyday user, gamer, professional, or scientist, Ryzen has something to offer everyone.

Purchasing and Installation

Choosing the right processor is one thing, but purchasing and installing it are further steps that require attention and awareness. Ryzen processors from AMD are very popular, which means they are available in many places and in various configurations. So, how do you make a purchase and then properly install the processor in your computer? Here are some tips and advice.

Purchasing a Ryzen Processor

Before making a purchase, consider what your computer will be used for. Do you need it for everyday internet browsing, or perhaps for professional graphics? Your choice of processor should be based on your individual needs. Then, make sure that the chosen Ryzen processor is compatible with your motherboard. Remember the socket (e.g., AM4) and support for the specific processor generation.

Comparing prices is equally important. The market is full of offers, so it’s worth taking a moment to compare prices in different stores. You can often find attractive promotions or bundles. Also, pay attention to the warranty. A processor is an investment for years, so it’s worth considering the warranty period and the conditions for its fulfillment.

Installing a Ryzen Processor

  1. Prepare your workspace. Work in a clean area, preferably on a stable surface. Use an antistatic wrist strap to avoid potential damage to components by electrostatic discharge.
  2. Open the processor socket on the motherboard. Gently lift the lever next to the processor socket to open it. Ryzen processors have a corner with a triangle that matches the corner marking on the motherboard socket. Ensure that both marks are facing in the same direction.
  3. Place the processor in the socket, ensuring all pins are well aligned. Do not use force – the processor should fit into the socket without resistance.
  4. After properly placing the processor, lower the lever to lock the processor in place.
  5. Apply thermal paste. If your processor does not come with thermal paste, apply a pea-sized drop to the center of the processor. Remember that excess paste can negatively affect cooling.
  6. Install the cooling system. Place the cooling on the processor, ensuring it adheres evenly. Then screw it onto the motherboard, following the manufacturer’s instructions.
  7. Connect the fan or water cooling: Finally, connect the cooling fan cable to the appropriate connector on the motherboard.

Once the processor is properly installed, you can continue with the assembly of other computer components.


In recent years, AMD Ryzen processors have surged to the forefront of the computer market, becoming one of the most sought-after components among technology enthusiasts, gamers, and professionals. Why has this happened? The answer lies in the innovation, performance, and value these units offer.

AMD, as a company, has a rich history in the world of technology, starting from simple circuits to advanced computer solutions. Over the years, the company has consistently competed with other industry giants, striving to continuously improve its products. Ryzen is the result of these efforts – a line of processors that have revolutionized the market.

When we talk about Ryzen, we speak of diversity. There are models designed for every user, from those who need a simple solution for daily tasks to advanced units for overclocking enthusiasts or professional workstations. Different Ryzen processor designations, such as Ryzen 3, 5, 7, or Threadripper, help understand their purpose and the power they offer.

However, what really sets Ryzen apart is technology and innovation. The use of modern manufacturing technologies, advanced architectures, and support for the latest computer technologies ensure that these processors are ready for future challenges.

Confronting Ryzen with the competition, it’s impossible not to notice how much AMD has raised the bar. In many tests and comparisons, Ryzen often comes out on top, offering better performance relative to price. This doesn’t mean competitors have nothing to offer, but AMD has certainly made its mark.

In practical applications, Ryzen processors perform excellently. From game streaming and video editing to advanced computations – there is no task they can’t handle. Their versatility and power make them an ideal choice for a wide spectrum of users.

Ultimately, purchasing and installing a processor is an important step in building or upgrading a computer. Ryzen processors are widely available, and their installation, though requiring some precision, is straightforward and simple.


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Jakub Markiewicz
Jakub Markiewicz
Hi, I am the author of the blog and series of thematic portals since 2013. I have nearly 15 years of experience in working in the media, marketing, public relations and IT. If you are interested in cooperation, you would like me to write about something or test a product - let me know.
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