NVIDIA RTX vs AMD Graphics Cards (differences, advantages, disadvantages)


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Choosing the right graphics card is a crucial decision for every gaming enthusiast, computer graphics professional, and content creator. In today’s guide, I compare two giants of the industry: NVIDIA and AMD. I will analyze their basic differences, unique features, performance, developer support, and user reviews. Find out which brand better suits your needs and which model will give you an edge in gaming or creative work. Will it be NVIDIA with their flagship RTXs or perhaps AMD with their innovative approach to graphics processors? Read the guide to make the best choice.


Graphics cards have become an integral part of our daily technology. From simple tasks of displaying images on a screen to complex graphic computations in the latest computer games, these relatively small chips play a key role in our use of computers. But how did we get to this point?
The first graphics cards were simple and had one main task: to convert binary data into an image displayed on the screen. As computer technology evolved and graphic requirements increased, these cards became more advanced, offering better image quality and greater efficiency.

The competition between companies NVIDIA and AMD began almost a decade ago when both companies realized the potential of the graphics card market. NVIDIA, previously known as a company specializing in display technology, quickly became a leader in graphics card production. On the other hand, AMD, after acquiring ATI, began to compete with NVIDIA, offering alternative graphic solutions.


This rivalry has brought many benefits to consumers. Thanks to it, both companies continuously invest in research and development, trying to outdo the competition. This led to the introduction of many innovative technologies, such as ray tracing and technologies related to deep learning (e.g., DLSS), which have revolutionized the way we experience computer graphics.

But what makes the competition between NVIDIA and AMD so fascinating? It could be said that it is a combination of technological innovations, marketing strategies, and brand loyalty. Customers often become attached to one brand and follow its progress with interest, waiting for the next products and updates.

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In this article, we will take a closer look at this rivalry by comparing the technologies, performance, and strategies of both companies. Does NVIDIA still dominate the market, or is AMD starting to catch up? Let’s find out.

Basic Differences Between NVIDIA RTX and AMD


When we think of graphics cards, two main brands often come to mind: NVIDIA and AMD. Although both companies operate in the same industry, they have different approaches to designing and marketing their products. In this chapter, we will look at the key differences between them.

Card Architecture

The foundation of any graphics card is its architecture, which determines how the card processes data and displays graphics. Debuting in 2018 with the Turing architecture in the 20XX series, NVIDIA presented a new dimension of possibilities to graphics cards, equipping them with special RT cores for ray tracing and Tensor cores dedicated to AI. Over time, in 2020, the Ampere era arrived in the 30XX series, which brought significant improvements not only in the rendering of light and shadows but also in overall performance. NVIDIA did not rest on its laurels, and its next generation of cards, Lovelace from the 40XX series, further broadened the horizons of computer graphics, giving gamers and professionals even more powerful tools for visual spectacles. RTX also found its place in mobile versions of graphics cards and in professional solutions from the Quadro and RTX Axxx lines, which are aimed at the most demanding professional applications. Each subsequent generation of RTX cards is a step forward in CUDA core architecture, a greater number of RT and Tensor cores, which translates into continuous improvements in quality and efficiency of graphics rendering. In contrast, AMD bases its cards on the RDNA architecture. This architecture is more focused on energy efficiency and performance relative to price.


The Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture, which debuted in 2011, became the foundation for many generations of AMD graphics cards, gaining recognition for performance and versatility in computations. In 2019, AMD raised the bar with the introduction of the RDNA architecture, which brought significant improvements in throughput and energy efficiency, perfectly fitting the needs of modern games. The next step was the introduction of RDNA 2 in 2020, which not only increased performance but also enabled AMD to enter the era of hardware-level ray tracing, offering gamers even richer and more realistic graphic experiences. AMD does not cease its efforts, and the announcement of RDNA 3 promises to continue this trend, heralding a new era in rendering and graphics performance.

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Importantly, AMD consistently integrates its Ryzen processors with graphics cards. Such an approach not only raises the quality of work on personal computers but also contributes to AMD’s achievements in the world of consoles, where their technology underpins the latest gaming systems like PlayStation 5 and Xbox Series X/S. Over the years, AMD has continuously refined technologies such as Variable Rate Shading and Mesh Shaders and has introduced innovations such as Smart Access Memory to maximize hardware potential and offer users unparalleled virtual experiences.

Supported Technologies and Features

When it comes to innovation, NVIDIA often leads the way. Its ray tracing technology, which allows for realistic representation of light and shadow in games, has become a standard in the industry. Additionally, NVIDIA introduced DLSS technology (Deep Learning Super Sampling), which uses artificial intelligence to improve image quality with a lower card load.

On the other hand, AMD focuses on delivering value to its customers. Their FreeSync technology ensures smooth gameplay in games without the need to invest in expensive monitors. Moreover, AMD bets on openness, offering support for open-source technologies and collaborating with developers worldwide. AMD does not have a direct equivalent to DLSS but is working on its own AI-based solutions.


Price Range of Both Brands

In terms of price, the differences between NVIDIA and AMD are quite clear. NVIDIA cards, especially those in the RTX series, are often more expensive but offer advanced technologies and better performance. AMD, on the other hand, offers cards in a lower price range that are more accessible to the average consumer. However, this does not mean that AMD cards are inferior. In fact, in many performance tests, AMD cards match and sometimes even surpass NVIDIA cards in the same price range.

Energy Efficiency

In recent years, energy efficiency has become a key factor in choosing a graphics card. NVIDIA significantly improved the energy efficiency of its cards with the Turing architecture. However, AMD with the RDNA architecture has made a big step forward in this area, offering competitive performance with significantly lower energy consumption.

Support for Developers

Both companies offer toolsets for developers that help optimize games for their cards. NVIDIA is known for its GameWorks program, which offers a range of technologies, such as physics, lighting, and shadows, that developers can use in their games. AMD, on the other hand, offers the open-source GPUOpen toolkit, which focuses on delivering efficient and optimized solutions for games.

Unique Features of the NVIDIA RTX Series


When we hear about the NVIDIA RTX graphics card series, our thoughts immediately turn to the innovations this product line has introduced to the market. The RTX series has not only pushed the boundaries of what is technologically possible in computer graphics but has also defined a new standard for future generations of graphics cards.

One of the most revolutionary features of the RTX series is real-time ray tracing technology. Although ray tracing is not new to the world of computer graphics, NVIDIA was the first to implement this technique in a way that allows for its effective use in games and real-time applications. Ray tracing enables the realistic rendering of reflections, shadows, and lighting in 3D scenes, which results in a much higher level of image realism. As a result, light in games behaves as it does in reality – reflecting off surfaces, passing through transparent materials, or creating realistic shadows.

Another important aspect of the RTX series is DLSS (Deep Learning Super Sampling) technology. This innovative approach to image scaling uses artificial intelligence to improve graphics quality while maintaining smooth operation. DLSS analyzes the image in real-time, learning how to optimize each pixel best, allowing for higher resolution without overloading the graphics processor. For gamers, this means the ability to use high graphics settings even on medium-performance hardware.

We must not forget about the dedicated Tensor cores, an integral part of the RTX architecture. These specialized cores were designed to accelerate machine learning and artificial intelligence-related operations. Thanks to them, RTX cards can perform complex calculations in a fraction of the time that would be required by traditional graphics cards. This opens up tremendous possibilities in graphics as well as many other applications where artificial intelligence plays a crucial role.

Also worth mentioning is the NVLink technology, which allows for connecting two RTX cards into one system. This solution is NVIDIA’s response to the increasing demand for performance in professional applications, such as graphics rendering or data processing. With NVLink, users can combine the power of two RTX cards, achieving almost double the performance in certain tasks.

Unique Features of AMD Cards


For years, AMD has been delivering products that face the competition, introducing innovations that set new standards in the industry. AMD graphics cards are known for several unique features that distinguish them from others.

One of the most important assets of AMD cards is the RDNA architecture, which is at the heart of the latest graphics cards from this manufacturer. This modern architecture has been designed with the future in mind, focusing on optimizing performance and energy efficiency. As a result, AMD cards offer excellent performance while simultaneously reducing energy consumption.

We must also mention FreeSync technology, AMD’s response to the need for smooth image gameplay. Thanks to FreeSync, monitors can synchronize the refresh rate with the graphics card, eliminating the “tearing” effect and ensuring smooth gameplay. This solution is a blessing for gamers who value visual quality as much as smooth operation.

Another hallmark of AMD cards is support for a wide range of technologies that improve image quality. One of these is FidelityFX, a set of image quality improvement tools that allows game developers to create more realistic and detailed scenes. This allows players to enjoy better textures, sharper details, and more realistic lighting.

Also noteworthy is the Infinity Cache technology, a key component of the latest AMD cards. This solution allows for a significant acceleration of data access, which translates into faster game and application performance. With Infinity Cache, AMD cards can handle the most demanding tasks, even when other computer components can’t keep up.

We must also not forget AMD’s openness in terms of technology. The company has long been an advocate of open standards, which translates into better compatibility and support for various platforms and systems. This ensures users that their graphics card will work without problems, whether they use Windows, Linux, or another system.

The last but not least element that distinguishes AMD cards is their price-to-quality ratio. The company has always aimed to deliver high-performance products at an affordable price, making them an attractive choice for a wide range of users.

Performance Comparison

When discussing graphics cards, one of the most fundamental criteria considered is performance. For many users, this is the deciding factor in choosing between different models and manufacturers. In the context of the competition between NVIDIA and AMD, performance comparison is incredibly interesting and full of surprises.
Let’s start by saying that both companies have their flagship models designed for the most demanding applications, such as gaming in 4K or graphic work. For NVIDIA, we are talking about the RTX series, especially the higher-end models like RTX 3090, 4080, or the anticipated release of the 4090 model. These cards are true performance monsters, offering incredible speeds and the ability to render images in the highest details. AMD is not far behind with their Radeon RX 6000 series, where models like the RX 6900 XT are equally impressive.

But performance is not just raw computational power. It’s also about energy efficiency, how well the card manages power, and what its power consumption is relative to its performance. There have even been stories of new graphics card models under load melting power inputs. Here, both companies are making great strides, trying to offer cards that provide more at lower energy consumption. Of course, more powerful models will always need more power, but it is important that this increase is proportional to the increase in performance.

Another aspect to compare is performance in specific games and applications. Much depends on the optimization of the software for specific hardware. Some games perform better on NVIDIA cards thanks to technologies like DLSS, while others, through close cooperation with AMD, may better utilize the potential of Radeon cards. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to performance tests in the specific titles that interest us.

We also cannot forget support for different technologies. NVIDIA strongly focuses on ray tracing, a technology for tracing rays, which allows for realistic reflections and shadows in games. RTX cards are specially adapted to this, giving them an advantage in games that use this technology. AMD also offers support for ray tracing in their latest cards, though so far, NVIDIA seems to be a bit more advanced in this area.

Ultimately, comparing performance between NVIDIA and AMD is not just about raw numbers. It’s also about software compatibility, support for new technologies, and the overall user experience. Both companies have their strengths and offer products that will satisfy different user groups. It is important to choose a card that best meets our individual needs and expectations. One thing is certain – both NVIDIA and AMD continually raise the bar, providing us with increasingly better solutions in the field of computer graphics.

Support for Developers and Software

Support for developers and software is a key element in the ecosystem of graphics cards. How card manufacturers cooperate with software creators directly affects the quality and performance of games and applications that use these cards. In the context of the competition between NVIDIA and AMD, both companies attach great importance to collaboration with developers, providing them with tools, resources, and support necessary to create optimized software.

NVIDIA has long been known for its intensive collaboration with game developers. Through the NVIDIA GameWorks program, the company provides a set of tools and libraries that help game creators produce more realistic effects and better utilize the potential of graphics cards. These libraries include technologies such as PhysX for physics simulation and HairWorks for realistic rendering of hair and fur. This allows developers to focus on creating amazing scenarios, while NVIDIA provides them with the tools to achieve the desired visual effect.

AMD, on the other hand, is not left behind with its own initiatives. The company introduced AMD GPUOpen, an open ecosystem that provides developers with full access to the source code of tools, libraries, and effects. This open-source approach aims to promote innovation and collaboration in the industry, giving creators more control over how their software communicates with the graphics card. As part of GPUOpen, AMD also offers technologies such as TressFX for realistic hair rendering and LiquidVR for virtual reality optimization.

In addition to tools and libraries, support for developers also includes direct collaboration and training. Both NVIDIA and AMD regularly organize workshops, webinars, and conferences for developers, where they share knowledge and best practices in computer graphics. These events are an excellent opportunity for learning, exchanging experiences, and building relationships between software creators and card manufacturers.

Collaboration with developers also affects support for specific platforms and operating systems. Both NVIDIA and AMD actively support the development of the gaming market on Linux, providing drivers and optimizations for this system. Moreover, both companies engage in the development of technologies such as ray tracing and artificial intelligence, offering developers tools to explore these new areas.

Support for developers and software is not just about providing tools and resources. It’s also about building lasting relationships and partnerships in the industry, which translate into better products for consumers. Both NVIDIA and AMD realize how important this support is, and they continuously invest in the development of an ecosystem for software creators. As a result, gamers and users worldwide can enjoy better, more realistic, and more efficient applications and games.

User Reviews

User reviews play a crucial role in the process of choosing a graphics card. In the age of the internet and social media, the voice of the consumer has become stronger than ever before. In the context of the competition between NVIDIA and AMD, individual users’ remarks and experiences are invaluable.
Starting with NVIDIA cards, many computer graphics enthusiasts praise them for innovative technologies such as ray tracing and DLSS. For gamers seeking the highest quality graphics, RTX cards offer an experience that is hard to find elsewhere. However, some users note that advanced features such as ray tracing can significantly impact performance, especially in older models. Others appreciate NVIDIA’s software, including GeForce Experience, which enables easy driver updates, gameplay recording, and game settings optimization.

On the other hand, AMD cards are renowned for offering an excellent price-to-quality ratio. Many users appreciate AMD for providing efficient graphics cards at an affordable price. Some highlight that AMD FreeSync, the vertical synchronization technology, offers smooth gameplay comparable to more expensive counterparts. Yet, there are also opinions that AMD drivers can sometimes cause problems, although the company actively works on improving them and frequently updates the software.

Of course, each user has individual needs and preferences. For some, absolute performance and the latest technologies are important, even if it means a higher price. For others, the priority is the price-to-quality ratio and stability over the long term. There are also opinions based on experiences with specific card models, which can vary depending on the manufacturer, cooling, or factory overclocking.

It is interesting to note that although NVIDIA and AMD compete in the market, many users appreciate both companies for their contributions to the development of graphic technologies. Often, comments emphasize that the competition between these giants is beneficial for consumers because it leads to innovation and better products.

Modern games and graphic applications are placing increasingly higher demands on hardware, and computer enthusiasts are more aware than ever before. Therefore, user reviews not only provide valuable information for potential buyers but also for the manufacturers themselves. Both NVIDIA and AMD closely monitor the opinions and comments of their customers, allowing them to tailor their products and strategies to market needs.


The graphics card market has become a battleground of fierce competition, and at the center of this conflict stand two technological powers: NVIDIA and AMD. Both conglomerates have delivered amazing innovations and solutions that have revolutionized the way we perceive and experience computer graphics.
Over the last few years, NVIDIA has become synonymous with advanced technologies such as ray tracing and DLSS. Its RTX series of graphics cards have gained recognition among many computer graphics enthusiasts who seek the highest visual quality in games and professional applications. NVIDIA’s software, including GeForce Experience, has become the standard for many gamers, offering easy driver updates, gameplay recording, and game settings optimization.

On the other hand, AMD, known for delivering efficient solutions at an affordable price, enjoys a reputation among those who seek performance but do not necessarily want to pay a premium for the latest technologies. Many users appreciate AMD for its innovations like FreeSync, which offer smooth gameplay at a competitive price. AMD drivers, though sometimes criticized, are continuously improved, which attests to the company’s commitment to delivering the best possible products for its customers.

Furthermore, both companies constantly work on supporting developers and software. The tools, libraries, and support they provide are crucial for creating new, advanced games and applications. Collaboration with developers is key to delivering innovations and exceptional experiences for users.

User reviews, reflecting their direct experiences with both companies’ products, are diverse and often depend on individual needs and preferences. One thing is certain: both NVIDIA and AMD have their strengths and weaknesses, but both contribute significantly to the development of graphic technologies.

Comparing performance is always a challenging task, especially when talking about two such different companies. However, regardless of whether you are a loyal fan of NVIDIA or you prefer AMD, both companies offer products that will meet your requirements. It is important to carefully consider your needs and decide what is most important to you: whether it is the highest quality of graphics, support for the latest technologies, or perhaps the price-to-quality ratio.

The contemporary graphics card market is fascinating and full of innovations. The competition between NVIDIA and AMD benefits not only the companies themselves but, most importantly, us, the consumers. Thanks to this rivalry, we get better products, more innovations, and, most importantly, unique experiences in the world of computer graphics.

It can be tentatively said that each of these companies has its own strong point that users have come to love more than the competition’s product. For AMD, it is obviously the RYZEN series of processors, and for NVIDIA – the RTX graphics cards, mainly from the 30xx series. Until now, AMD products have been associated with good performance at a very good price, although sometimes they had numerous problems with drivers. On the other hand, NVIDIA has always been more expensive, and with the rising popularity of RTX cards (used, for example, for Bitcoin mining or in AI), their prices have skyrocketed.


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Jakub Markiewicz
Jakub Markiewiczhttps://jotem.in
Hi, I am the author of the Jotem.in blog and series of thematic portals since 2013. I have nearly 15 years of experience in working in the media, marketing, public relations and IT. If you are interested in cooperation, you would like me to write about something or test a product - let me know.
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